Can Stress Cause Constipation?

Constipation is a common digestive issue that is characterized by infrequent bowel movements, difficulty passing stool, or a sense of incomplete evacuation.

While diet and lifestyle play significant roles, emerging research suggests that stress might also contribute to this uncomfortable condition.

Can Stress Cause Constipation

The Stress-Constipation Connection Are:

Nervous System Influence: Stress triggers the body’s “fight or flight” response, activating the sympathetic nervous system. In this state, the body prioritizes immediate survival over non-essential functions, such as digestion. This shift can slow down the digestive process, leading to constipation.

Muscle Tension: Stress often manifests physically, causing tension in various muscles, including those in the gastrointestinal tract. When these muscles tense up, the smooth flow of digestion can be disrupted, contributing to constipation.

Altered Hormones: Stress influences the release of hormones like cortisol. Elevated cortisol levels can impact the balance of other hormones in the body, potentially affecting bowel movements and contributing to constipation.

How Stress Affects Lifestyle Factors:

Dietary Changes: During stressful times, individuals might experience changes in eating habits. Some may consume more processed or comfort foods, which are often low in fibre. A lack of fibre can slow down digestion and contribute to constipation.

Fluid Intake: Stress may lead to decreased fluid intake, which can contribute to dehydration. Inadequate hydration is a known factor in constipation, as it affects the consistency of stool.

Breaking the Stress-Constipation Cycle:

Stress Management Techniques: Incorporating stress management techniques into daily life can be beneficial. Techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga may help calm the nervous system and alleviate stress-related constipation.

Balanced Diet: Maintaining a balanced diet rich in fibre is crucial. Fiber promotes regular bowel movements and can counteract the effects of stress on digestion. Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes in your diet.

Adequate Hydration: Ensure you stay adequately hydrated. Drinking enough water helps soften stool and supports healthy bowel movements.


Persistent constipation or severe changes in bowel habits should be discussed with a healthcare professional. It’s essential to rule out underlying medical conditions and receive personalized advice.

Dr. Amit Agarwal
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Agarwal Gastrocare Center Indore

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