Inflammatory Bowel Disease, symptoms, Cause, Treatment – Agrawal Gastrocare Center Indore

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition that affects the digestive system. It comprises two main types: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. IBD causes inflammation and damage to the gastrointestinal tract, leading to various symptoms and complications.

In this blog we are going to provide a simplified overview of IBD, focusing on its symptoms, causes, and available treatment options. So, if you or any of your known ones are suffering from Inflammatory Bowel disease consider going through this blog.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease, symptoms, Cause, Treatment - Agrawal Gastrocare Center Indore

Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease:

  • Abdominal pain and cramping: One of the most common symptoms of IBD is recurring abdominal pain and cramping. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain.
  • Diarrhoea: Frequent, loose, and watery bowel movements are typical in IBD. Blood or mucus might be present in the stool.
  • Weight loss and reduced appetite: Chronic inflammation in the digestive system can interfere with nutrient absorption, leading to weight loss and a decreased appetite.
  • Fatigue: IBD can cause persistent fatigue due to the body’s ongoing immune response and malnutrition.
  • Rectal bleeding: In ulcerative colitis, inflammation primarily affects the rectum, leading to rectal bleeding.
  • Anaemia: Chronic inflammation and blood loss in IBD can result in anaemia, leading to fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.

Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease:

  • Genetics: There is evidence of a genetic predisposition to IBD. Individuals with a family history of the condition are at a higher risk.
  • Immune system dysfunction: IBD is believed to result from an abnormal immune response in the gut. The immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells, leading to inflammation.
  • Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors, such as diet, smoking, and exposure to certain infections, might trigger or exacerbate IBD symptoms.

Treatment Options for Inflammatory Bowel Disease:

  • Medications: Depending on the type and severity of IBD, various medications are available to reduce inflammation, control symptoms, and manage flare-ups. These special medications prescribed by doctors may include anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biological therapies.
  • Lifestyle modifications: Making dietary changes, managing stress levels, and getting regular exercise can help alleviate IBD symptoms and promote overall well-being.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery might be required in order to remove the affected portion of the digestive tract or manage complications like strictures or fistulas.

Dr. Amit Agarwal
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Agarwal Gastrocare Center Indore

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