Liver Disease in Pregnancy, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Liver disease in pregnancy is a condition that affects the liver of a pregnant woman. The liver is an important organ that helps filter toxins from the body and aids in digestion. When a woman is pregnant, her liver is under increased stress due to the extra workload of filtering the blood of the growing fetus.
Liver disease in pregnancy is a serious condition that can have significant consequences for both the mother and the fetus. It is important for pregnant women to be aware of the symptoms of liver disease and to seek medical attention if they suspect they may be affected.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the risk of complications and ensure the best possible outcomes for both mother and baby.
Symptoms of Liver Disease in Pregnancy
Symptoms of liver disease in pregnancy can vary depending on the type of liver disease but can include:
- jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
- Nausea, vomiting
- abdominal pain
If left untreated, liver disease during pregnancy can lead to serious complications for both the mother and the fetus, including premature delivery, stillbirth, and liver failure.
Causes of Liver Disease in Pregnancy
The causes of liver disease in pregnancy are not completely understood, but it is thought to be related to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. Women who have had liver disease in previous pregnancies or who have a family history of liver disease are at higher risk for developing liver disease during pregnancy.
Treatment of Liver Disease in Pregnancy
Treatment for liver disease in pregnancy depends on the type and severity of the condition. Mild cases can be managed with medications and changes in diet. Where some with serious issues require a medical emergency and hospitalization, with treatment including delivery of the baby and supportive care for the mother.
Preeclampsia is also treated with the delivery of the baby, and sometimes medication to lower blood pressure.