Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy, Used, Risks – Agrawal Gastrocare Center Indore
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is a medical procedure that helps people who are unable to eat food normally. It is a safe and effective way to provide nutrition to individuals who cannot swallow food or have difficulty maintaining their weight.
What is Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG)?
PEG is a type of feeding tube that is inserted into the stomach through a small incision in the abdomen. The procedure is performed using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a camera attached to it. The endoscope is inserted through the mouth and guided down the oesophagus into the stomach. A small incision is made in the abdomen, and the PEG tube is then inserted through this opening and into the stomach. The tube is held in place with a balloon or bumper on the inside of the stomach.
What are the Risks of PEG?
As with any medical procedure, PEG does carry some risks. These may include infection, bleeding, perforation of the stomach, or dislodgement of the tube. However, the risks associated with PEG are relatively low, and most people experience few or no complications.
Why PEG is Used:
- Swallowing difficulties: Some people have difficulty swallowing due to conditions such as stroke, dementia, or Parkinson’s disease. PEG can help these individuals get the nutrition they need without having to swallow food.
- Neurological disorders: People with certain neurological disorders, such as ALS or multiple sclerosis, may have difficulty swallowing or maintaining their weight. PEG can help ensure they receive the necessary nutrition to maintain their health.
- Cancer: People undergoing treatment for cancer may experience side effects that make it difficult to eat, such as nausea or mouth sores. PEG can provide nutrition while they are undergoing treatment and help them maintain their weight and strength.
- Dehydration: People who are unable to drink fluids may also benefit from PEG. The tube can be used to provide both nutrition and hydration.
- Chronic illness: Some chronic illnesses, such as cystic fibrosis or Crohn’s disease, may make it difficult to absorb nutrients from food. PEG can help ensure these individuals receive the nutrition they need to maintain their health.